Cudworth's only grade two listed building will have to be demolished if the controversial HS2 rail line goes ahead, councillors have warned.
The free-standing chimney at Bleach Croft farm sits on the proposed route of the high speed line linking Leeds and London.
Cudworth councillors Charlie Wraith and Joe Hayward said the line will cut straight through the farm and have now been told at a consultation meeting the structure will not be saved.
Coun Hayward said initially he was told the chimney - which dates back to 1854 - would be preserved.
It was built for the Midland Bleach Works and was given listed status in 1988.
He said a stand needs to be made, as there are no stopping points near Cudworth and residents are not getting a fair deal.
He said: "Why should we lose a grade two-marked building and not get anything back in return?"
Previously, Coun Wraith had suggested the existing track bed in Cudworth - which used to serve trains travelling as far as Edinburgh - could be used for HS2.
But Coun Hayward said planners are not wanting to use the route because they want a straighter line.
Another consultation will be held at the council offices in Bow Street, Cudworth on October 25 where residents too can voice their views.
Barnsley Central MP Dan Jarvis is also inviting residents to give their opinions at a consultation at Barnsley Town Hall on November 2.
According to the plans the line would also go through Birch Tree Farm in Cudworth and Carlton Marsh nature reserve.